The nineteenth week of pregnancy
Your changing body
By around this time, your growing Uterus has started marking its presence into the abdomen; the top portion of the Uterus can be felt below the navel.From around this week onwards, the Uterus would be growing at about a centimeter per week. Around the nineteenth week, you may also begin to experience sharp pain in your lower abdomen or hip area that may last only for a couple of seconds. This is due to the stretching of round ligament which supports your UterusIt can be stretched easily during normal body movements such as while making a transition from one position to the other for e.g. sitting to standing and even while laughing or coughing. You need not be alarmed as it is very common during the second Trimester. During the second trimester, most pregnant mums start to feel the baby’s movement (known as quickening) now and till around few weeks later.The increase in the blood circulation during pregnancy may give rise to temporary reddish marks (spider nevi) on the face, neck, upper chest and arms.
The symptoms of a 19 weeks pregnant woman would correspond to the growth of baby. They are:
Much more itchiness is felt with advancing pregnancy.
Iron deficiency at this stage of pregnancy can lead to spells of fainting, dizziness and heart palpitations.
Your doctor will test your for Anaemia as the red blood cells of your baby are developing.
Low blood pressure can also result if you do not take small snacks throughout the day.
Round ligament pain, i.e. pain in the abdomen from one or the other hip area is experienced. These may encroach upon your groin.
Do not use over the counter medications even if they are herbal. You don’t want to risk any complications.
You may feel your baby reacting to sounds outside the womb. By now, the baby’s ears are developed enough they can recognise the sounds of dad and mom.
Your growing baby
Your baby weighs around 240 g and measures about 15 cm during these 19 weeks. Specialized areas in the brain that are responsible for senses—taste, smell, hearing, seeing and touch are developing.Your baby’s Kidneys starts making urine and hair is sprouting on your baby’s head. The skin of your baby is transparent and appears red in colour due to the presence of the blood vessels. It also gets covered with a creamy white protective coating called vernix caseosa.
There will be very specific baby development in this week –
Teeth and gums of the baby also develop progressively.
Baby’s skeleton becomes harder and muscles stronger.
The baby is likely to be 7 and half inches long and weigh around 7 ounces.
The baby is aware of sounds outside the womb at this stage of pregnancy
Tips for the nineteenth week of pregnancy
If you experience sharp pain in your lower abdomen, take rest. Changing position slowly should help alleviate this kind of pain. However, if you have persistent pain, do inform your doctor.
Some pregnant women may also experience backaches. Gentle use of a heat pad to soothe the ache down your back may offer some relief but it’s better to get it checked by your doctor if it starts getting in way of your normal chores and seems bothersome.
Some of you may even complain of incontinence, when you laugh, cough, sneeze or lift objects. This is mainly observed during pregnancy because the Hormone Progesterone softens the joints and ligaments, especially of the pelvic floor muscles in preparation for child birth.
Don’t despair, seek help from your obstetrician and get to know about exercises that help to strengthen these muscles during your routine antenatal visits.
Activities for the nineteenth week of pregnancy
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Supplements to be taken during the nineteenth week of pregnancy
Folic acid, iron and calcium supplements.
Common problems in the nineteenth week of pregnancy
As the weight of your baby increases, you may experience some degree of back pain. Here are a few measures that you can take to manage back pain during pregnancy:
- Maintain good posture
- Avoid lifting heavy objects
- Avoid standing for a long time
- Avoid sleeping on your back.
- Elevating your feet is also good for your back
You can put a small pillow under your side. Click here, to read more on sleep during pregnancy
Common tests in the nineteenth week of pregnancy
An Ultrasound scan (anomaly scan) is usually done between eighteen and twenty two weeks of pregnancy. Besides the ultrasound, optional tests which include quadruple marker screening test or alpha- fetoprotein test and amniocentesis may also be performed at around any time between 15 and 20 weeks of pregnancy.
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